Cloves are dried unopened buds of a tree in the Amily Myrtaceae. Cloves have a strong aromatic flavor. Cloves powerful taste is imparted by the chemicals Eugenol. Cloves stems are dry fragments of the stalks of the clove. Having the same aromatic spicy flavor as cloves buds.
Products and packaging details
Cloves - packed in 10kgs / 25kgs cartons / 50kgs poly propylene bags with inner polythene bag liner.
Cloves Stems - packed in a 30kgs polypropylene bags.
The clove tree is a medium sized symmetrically shaped tree with smooth grey bark. It is believed to be originated in Maluku Islands in Indonesia. Clove along with nutmeg and pepper were highly prized in Roman Era. Cloves were traded by Arabs in the Middle ages but in the 15th century Portugal took over the trade. The Portuguese brought large quantities of cloves to Europe mainly from Malku Islands and valued it at seven grams of gold per kg. Later the Spanish then the Dutch dominated the trade till the seventeenth century. The French introduced clove to Mauritius in the year 1770 subsequently the cultivations were introduced to Guiana, Zanzibar, West Indies and most of the Brazil. It is not known how and when clove was introduced to Sri Lanka but may be the Arab traders or Colonial rulers may have brought the plant to the country as Sri Lanka was a major trading hub for spices during that time.
Products and Uses
Clove is largely used as dried whole buds. Ground clove is used for curry mixtures and clove oil is used for flavoring foods and in pharmaceutical perfumery industry.
Cloves are used either whole or ground to provide flavor for both sweet and savory foods in pickling and the production of sauces and ketchups. In medicine it is valued as a carminative, aromatic and stimulant. It is being used in cigarette industry as a flavoring agent. Clove oil is used in perfumes, in dentistry and a clearing agent in microscopy.
Major Growing Areas
Clove is mainly grown in Mid Country wet zone of Sri Lanka. Total extent of clove is 7618ha. and Kandy, Kegalle and Matale districts are major growing areas.
No specific varieties have been identified. However there are trees produce bigger size clove buds which are called as “Bothal Karabu”.
Clove grows well in a humid tropical climate from sea level up to 1000m elevation.An average rainfall of 1750- 2500mm. per annum is sufficient. It is however, necessary that dry periods alternate with moist ones for good flowering
The annual average temperature should be 20 o - 30o C without much seasonal and diurnal variation. Persistent strong winds are harmful. Shade is essential during the first two or three years of growth. Thereafter full exposure to light is beneficial.
Standard quality specifications
The specifications given by the Sri Lanka Slandered Institute is as follows.
|Khuker cloves max. % by mass.||3||5||10|
|Cloves below 10mm length max % by mass||15||25||NA|
|Extraneous matter max % by mass||1||2||3|
|Moisture max. % by mass||12||12||14|